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Exploring data 12.1.1 Number of countries with sustainable consumption and production (SCP) national action plans or SCP mainstreamed as a priority or a target into national policies
Improving measures 12.2.1 Material footprint, material footprint per capita, and material footprint per GDP
Reported online 12.2.2 Domestic material consumption, domestic material consumption per capita, and domestic material consumption per GDP
Improving measures 12.3.1 Global food loss index
Reported online 12.4.1 Number of parties to international multilateral environmental agreements on hazardous waste, and other chemicals that meet their commitments and obligations in transmitting information as required by each relevant agreement
Improving measures 12.4.2 Hazardous waste generated per capita and proportion of hazardous waste treated, by type of treatment
Improving measures 12.5.1 National recycling rate, tons of material recycled
Improving measures 12.6.1 Number of companies publishing sustainability reports
Improving measures 12.7.1 Number of countries implementing sustainable public procurement policies and action plans
Improving measures 12.8.1 Extent to which (i) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development (including climate change education) are mainstreamed in (a) national education policies (b) curricula (c) teacher education and (d) student assessment
Improving measures 12.a.1 Amount of support to developing countries on research and development for sustainable consumption and production and environmentally sound technologies
Improving measures 12.b.1 Number of sustainable tourism strategies or policies and implemented action plans with agreed monitoring and evaluation tools
Improving measures 12.c.1 Amount of fossil-fuel subsidies per unit of GDP (production and consumption) and as proportion of total national expenditure on fossil fuels