Sustainable Development Goals - 17 Goals to Transform our World

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

Indicator 7.3.1: Energy intensity measured in terms of primary energy and GDP

US Total Primary Energy Consumption per Real Dollar of GDP (Thousand Btu per Chained (2009) Dollar)


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This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from US statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from US statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other US-specific metadata information.

Actual indicator available Total Primary Energy Consumption per Real Dollar of GDP (Thousand Btu per Chained (2009) Dollar)
Actual indicator available - description From Table 1.7 of the Energy Information Administration's Monthly Energy Review
Date of national source publication AUGUST 2017
Method of computation Calculated as energy consumption divided by U.S. gross domestic product in chained (2009) dollars
Periodicity Annual provided, monthly data also available
Scheduled update by national source MARCH 2018
U.S. method of computation
Comments and limitations
Date metadata updated 2017-09-21
Disaggregation geography National
Unit of measurement Energy intensity, defined as thousand Btu per chained (2009) dollar
Disaggregation categories N/A
International and national references
Time period 1949-2016 available
Scheduled update by SDG team

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name Energy intensity measured in terms of primary energy and GDP
Target name By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency.
Global indicator description Primary energy intensity is obtained by dividing total primary energy supply over gross domestic product. Total primary energy supply, as defined by the IEA, is made up of production plus net imports minus international marine and aviation bunkers plus-stock changes. For international comparison purposes, GDP is measured in constant terms at purchasing power parity.
UN designated tier 1
UN custodial agency UNSD, IEA (Partnering Agencies: World Bank, UN Energy)
Link to UN metadata Link opens in a new window
Organisation Energy Information Agency
Agency Staff Name Maggie Woodward
Agency Survey Dataset Energy Information Agency
Link to data source opens in a new window

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