Sustainable Development Goals - 17 Goals to Transform our World

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Indicator 5.4.1: Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work, by sex, age and location

Hours per day spent on household activities by US women ages 15 and older


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Headline data

This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from US statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from US statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other US-specific metadata information.

Actual indicator available Time spent per day on household activities (includes travel), Caring for and helping household members (includes travel), Caring for and helping nonhousehold members (includes travel), and Purchasing goods and services (includes travel) by sex and age
Actual indicator available - description Average hours per day: The average number of hours spent in a 24-hour period doing a specified activity.
Date of national source publication June 2017
Method of computation
Periodicity Annual
Scheduled update by national source June 2018
U.S. method of computation Data are from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS), which is nationally representative of the U.S. civilian noninstitutional population age 15 and over. Individuals are selected from households that have completed the 8th month of the Current Population Survey. Each selected individual is interviewed one time, by telephone, about how they spent their time on one day. Individuals have been interviewed for the ATUS on nearly every day since the survey began in 2003. For information about ATUS methods, see the BLS Handbook of Methods: Data are estimates of average hours per day (see formula in section 7.4 of the ATUS User's Guide:
Comments and limitations Age categories: ages 15 and over, 15-24 years, 25-34 years, 25-54 years, 35-44 years, 45-54 years, 55-64 years, and 65 years and over
Date metadata updated October 2017
Disaggregation geography
Unit of measurement Average hours per day
Disaggregation categories Age and sex; activity
International and national references
Time period 2003-present
Scheduled update by SDG team

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work, by sex, age and location
Target name Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate.
Global indicator description Average number of hours spent in a week on unpaid domestic and care work, by sex, age and location (for individuals 5 years and above) Unpaid domestic and care work activities include the unpaid production of goods for own final consumption (e.g., collecting water or firewood) and the unpaid provision of services (e.g., cooking or cleaning as well as person-to-person care) for own final use.
UN designated tier 2
UN custodial agency UNSD, UN WOMEN
Link to UN metadata Link opens in a new window
Organisation U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics / American Time Use Survey
Agency Staff Name BLS Division of International Technical Cooperation staff
Agency Survey Dataset U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics / American Time Use Survey
Link to data source opens in a new window

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