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Mortality rate for US infants and children younger than 5 years old


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This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from US statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from US statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other US-specific metadata information.

Actual indicator available Mortality rate for infants and children younger than 5 years old in the United States
Actual indicator available - description Mortality rate for infants and children younger than 5 years old per 1,000 live births
Date of national source publication December, 2016
Method of computation Number of deaths among children aged 0-4 years (0-59 months of age), broken down by age groups / Number of live births Method of measurement The most frequently used methods using the above_mentioned data sources are as follows: Civil registration: Number of deaths at age 0_5 and population of the same age are used to calculate death rates which are then converted into age_specific probability of dying.Census and surveys: An indirect method is used based on questions to each woman of reproductive age as to how many children she has ever given birth to and how many are still alive. The Brass method and model life tables are then used to obtain an estimate of under_five and infant mortality rates. Census often includes questions on household deaths in the last 12 months, which can be used to calculate mortality estimates.Surveys: A direct method is used based on birth history - a series of detailed questions on each child a woman has given birth to during her lifetime. Neonatal, post_neonatal, infant, child and under_five mortality estimates can be derived from full birth history module.Method of estimation The United Nation Inter_agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UN_IGME) produces trends of under_five mortality with a standardized methodology depending on the type and quality of source of data available. The UN IGME applies the Bayesian B_splines bias_reduction model to empirical data to derive trend estimates of under_five mortality for all countries. See the UN IGME link for details. The UN GME estimates are not necessarily the same as the official national data. Predominant type of statistics: adjusted and estimated.
Periodicity Annual
Scheduled update by national source December, 2017
U.S. method of computation Number of deaths to infants and children younger than 5 years divided by the number of births for a given year, expressed per 1,000 live births
Comments and limitations
Date metadata updated
Disaggregation geography
Unit of measurement Individual
Disaggregation categories
International and national references
Time period
Scheduled update by SDG team

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name Under-five mortality rate
Target name By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births.
Global indicator description The probability of a child born in a specific year or period dying before reaching the age of 5 years, if subject to age_ specific mortality rates of that period, expressed per 1000 live births. The under_five mortality rate as defined here is, strictly speaking, not a rate (i.e. the number of deaths divided by the number of population at risk during a certain period of time) but a probability of death derived from a life table and expressed as a rate per 1000 live births.
UN designated tier 1
UN custodial agency UNICEF (DESA Population Divsion, World Bank)
Link to UN metadata Link opens in a new window
Organisation National Vital Statistics System, Underlying Cause of Death data file
Agency Staff Name Mortality Statistics Branch, Division of Vital Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics
Agency Survey Dataset National Vital Statistics System, Underlying Cause of Death data file
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