Sustainable Development Goals - 17 Goals to Transform our World

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

Indicator 11.1.1: Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing

Percentage of occupied housing units in US urban areas that are severely inadequate


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This table provides metadata for the actual indicator available from US statistics closest to the corresponding global SDG indicator. Please note that even when the global SDG indicator is fully available from US statistics, this table should be consulted for information on national methodology and other US-specific metadata information.

Actual indicator available Percentage of occupied housing units in urban areas that are inadequate
Actual indicator available - description Percentage of occupied housing units in urban areas that are moderately inadequate, severely inadequate, and all inadequate.
Date of national source publication July 2017
Method of computation access to improved sanitation facilities
Periodicity Biennial, odd-numbered years
Scheduled update by national source October 2019
U.S. method of computation 2007-2013: Using microdata of the American Housing Survey national public use files. Tabulate ZADEQ (recoded adequacy of housing, values '2' and '3') for occupied units (STATUS='1') in urban areas (METRO3 IN['1','2','4','9']), weighted by WGT90GEO. Percent of all occupied in urban areas. See AHS codebook for full description of variables: 2015 and later: Using internal use file of the American Housing Survey. Tabulate ADEQUACY (recoded adequacy of housing, values '2' and '3') for occupied units (INTSTATUS='1') in urban areas (URBAN_2010 IN('1','2')). See online codebook at
Comments and limitations Occupied housing units only. No group quarters or homeless. Slums and informal housing are not defined.
Date metadata updated October 5, 2017
Disaggregation geography
Unit of measurement Percent of all occupied housing units (households)
Disaggregation categories Moderately inadequate (ZADEQ = '2'), Severely inadequate (ZADEQ='3'); For 2015 and later, variable name is ADEQUACY, but coding is the same.
International and national references NA
Time period 2007-2015
Scheduled update by SDG team

This table provides information on metadata for SDG indicators as defined by the UN Statistical Commission. Complete global metadata is provided by the UN Statistics Division.

Indicator name Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements, or inadequate housing
Target name By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums.
Global indicator description Proportion of people living in households lacking at least one of the following five housing conditions: access to improved water
UN designated tier 1
UN custodial agency UN Habitat (Partnering Agencies: UNEP)
Link to UN metadata Link opens in a new window
Organisation American Housing Survey
Agency Staff Name David A. Vandenbroucke
Agency Survey Dataset American Housing Survey
Link to data source opens in a new window

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